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DOI :     Journal Korea Society of Visual Design Forum , Vol.82, No.0, 43 ~ 55, 2024
A Study on the Architectural Vision and Design Changes of Schools in Gyeonggi-do - Focusing on the winning entries in the M Middle School New Design Contest -
문선욱 Sun-wook Moon
Background The physical environment of a school is a place that directly affects students' growth, emotional and cognitive development. Therefore, school should be a complex and flexible space where knowledge can be transferred, lifestyle and culture implied by the space can be learned, and social life can be led through the process of spatial experience. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to suggest the design direction of school architecture in the future by deriving planning and architectural design characteristics based on the case of winning the design contest containing the vision of school construction by the Gyeonggi-do Office of Education Methods 1. Prior research and literature are reviewed on the future educational space and the vision of school construction at the Gyeonggi-do Office of Education. 2. Five cases of M Middle School of the Gyeonggi Provincial Office of Education, which were awarded at the 2023 design contest, will be analyzed by dividing them into layout plans, architectural spatial design, and elevation designs. 3. Based on the derived characteristics, the direction of future school architecture design is suggested. Result It can be seen that new school architecture necessary for student-led education is being innovated in response to changes in the curriculum and learning form for future education, breaking away from the existing standardized school architecture. In particular, the school forest plan and the indoor plaza plan, which are specialized projects in Gyeonggi-do that actively consider and communicate with schools and the internal and external environment, are essential for new construction. And the design prize proposal presents unique design concepts that never been encountered by inducing creative spaces with various philosophies and perspectives. Conclusion For spatial innovation, plans should be applied not only to new schools, but also to all schools through remodeling such as large-scale repairs. In addition, it is expected that the design plan will be implemented in the future, user evaluation of students, faculty, and local residents will be conducted, and in-depth follow-up research will continue through interdisciplinary observation and analysis.
Key Words
경기형 학교공간, 학교숲, 실내광장, Gyeonggi School Space, School Forest, Indoor Plaza
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